Hey, i think it was in “The biggest secret” in which Icke metioned that someone actually measured the circandian rythms and this investigation led him to the conclusion that caucasian white men has the circandian rythms synchronized to Mars, while black people have the ones that correspond to the Earth.
And too i recall something about endogenous DMT being metabolized in continued darkness after 3 days or something like that, via increased rates of melatonin which go up without light. I think it was Dennis Mckenna cited in that book of Cliff Pickover, the one of the Sex the Elves and Einstein or something like that. Any thoughts ?
Results of overall meta-analyses indicate that blacks experience higher levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure, both at night and during the day. These differences were significantly greater at night than during the day (P<0.05). Results of within-subset analyses involving American blacks mirrored those for all black/white comparisons, except that the effect of race on nocturnal dip, ie, that American blacks experienced less of a dip in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure at night, was significant (P<0.05). In contrast, the effect of race on nocturnal dip was not significant for comparisons involving non-American blacks. These results suggest a consistent difference in the chronobiology of blood pressure, particularly in American blacks.
RESULTS: A more gradual age-related decline in napping was found for black children. At age 8, 39.1% of black children were reported to nap, compared with only 4.9% of white children. Black children also napped significantly more days per week, had shorter average nocturnal sleep durations, and slept significantly less on weekdays than on weekend nights. Despite differences in sleep distribution, total weekly sleep duration (diurnal and nocturnal) was nearly identical for the 2 racial groups at each year of age. Logistic regression analysis revealed that demographic variables were related to but did not fully explain napping differences.
Yeah, I haven’t gotten into all the hormones and chemicals yet, that’s coming in the next part on sleep. This series has actually been a real pain in the ass, but that’s a good thing.
I read that short five page white paper after the first article, and damn it was way over my head. After the second go around and trying to actually understand it, I’ve got to say this is so serious shit they are discovering. I’ve actually done some testing on my sleep cycle before. What I’d do was go to sleep a couple hours later every day and wake up a couple hours later. I was literally “going around the clock” with my sleep patterns. It would take a few weeks but I would eventually come around to my regular sleeping time again (around 11PM). And it would be hard for me to break the cycle at that point. I had to try and force myself to sleep at 11PM for the next few days and I was successful although it really sucked. Now this was a point in my life where I was smoking copious amounts of marijuana (I was growing it at the time) and my only job consisted of taking care of indoor plants. I really started to lose track of what day it was and my surroundings started to seem more and more dream-like and surreal. Again I was smoking tons of pot, something that really wasn’t that good for me in hindsight, so I’m not sure what effects were what.
So I am pretty interested and impressed by this topic. Thanks for all the materials, I’ve added them to the top of my reading list. Hopefully I’ll get to them within the next few days.
Now back to that white paper. Here’s a passage I need help breaking down:
Until recently, the view for higher vertebrates was that the principal clock structures are the lateral eyes, the pineal organ,and the suprachiasmatic nuclei, with the suprachiasÂmatic nuclei being predominant in mammals. However, when mammalian cell lines were first deprived of serum and then exposed to a high concentration of serum with all of its rich soup of signalling factors, the cells in culture very quickly turned on a large number of genes, among them mammalian per. This wave of gene expression then subsided, a typical response to serum. On continued sampling, however, the investigators found that after one, two, and even three circadian periods after serum stimulation, the cultures spontaneously turned on per and some other genes. This showed that cultures of immortalised cell lines, which had been held in the laboratory for 25 years, had the capacity to express endogenous free running circadian cycles.
So is that to say that while our eyes are part of the structure, the clock still runs independently based on other environmental factors? What does the serum represent? I know it’s part of our blood, but I just don’t have a clue about the different parts of our blood and how they can effect us when changed.
P.S. I’ve been calling Daylight Savings Time - Daylight Slavings Time for awhile now. Seems to fit better. Get the slaves up earlier make them edgier, just generally fuck with em. Guess I was right in my baseless presumptions.
How we perceive time is a big question, and one that received a thorough philosophical workout, going back to at least St. Augustine, even before scientists started struggling with it. The fundamental scientific question has boiled down to, “Is there a clock mechanism in our brains that tracks the passage of time, or is our perception that time is passing just a by-product of memory and our senses?”
There are probably different mechanisms at work for different lengths of time. For instance, we’re very good at judging the relative lengths of very short flashes of light or bursts of sound. John Wearden, a psychologist at the University of Manchester in the U.K. who specializes in time perception studies, thinks in that case the brain is really reacting to differences in the energy of the stimulus, rather than the duration.
Then there’s our perception of much longer intervals. Even at my tender age I’ve noted that the years seem to fly by faster than they used to. Wearden doesn’t think this perception is related to the brain’s built-in clock, either; he suggests itâ€™s a function of our brain’s tendency to, in memory, diminish the importance of hours spent on boring, routine tasks, and highlight the importance of hours spent on challenging tasks. Since, as we get older, more of what we do year to year tends to fall into set patterns, we commit fewer details to memory and thus, in retrospect, it seems that the year went by with little happening.
Over intermediate timeframes, however--from about a tenth of a second up to a few minutes--the brain seems to be able to measure time directly. When test subjects are asked to press a key after a short interval, which may vary from half a second to several seconds, after a little training they’re usual accurate to within a few percent.
Researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee and Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Albuquerque may have recently pinpointed the location of the brain mechanism that makes this possible. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, they scanned the brains of 17 young men and women while they listened to two sets of two consecutive tones each, and were asked to judge whether the silence between the second pair of tones was longer or shorter than the silence between the first pair of tones. The brain scan indicated that the timekeeping functions in the brain are governed by the basal ganglia and the right parietal cortex.
This makes sense, because the basal ganglia’s cells primarily contain the neurotransmitter dopamine, and dopamine levels have long been linked to time perception. For instance, Parkinson’s disease patients, who have an abnormal reduction in dopamine within the basal ganglia, commonly experience problems with time perception--and those problems partially improve when dopamine levels are increased.
There are many other examples. Drugs that increase the amount of dopamine, such as cocaine and methamphetamine, seem to speed up the internal clock; so do moments of high stress, when dopamine and other neurotransmitters flood the brain. As a result, time seems to stand still or move incredibly slowly.
Marijuana and some other substances, on the other hand, decrease dopamine levels, making time seem to pass faster. Dopamine levels also fall with age, beginning in the 20s and continuing thereafter. That may also contribute to the feeling older people have that time is passing more quickly.
Their study is the first to demonstrate that the basal ganglia located deep within the base of the brain, and the parietal lobe located on the surface of the right side of the brain, are critical areas for this time-keeping system.
Their results are published in the current issue of Nature Neuroscience. Importantly, the study calls into question a long-standing and widely held belief in the scientific community that the cerebellum is the critical structure involved in time perception.
“We are excited that our findings can also have application to better understand some neurological disorders,” says Stephen M. Rao, Ph.D., professor of neurology at the Medical College and principal investigator. “By identifying the area in the brain responsible for governing our sense of time, scientists can now study defective time perception, which has been observed in patients with Parkinson’s disease and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), two maladies commonly thought to have abnormal function within the basal ganglia.”
Making accurate decisions regarding the duration of brief intervals of time from 300 milliseconds to 10 seconds is critical to most aspects of human behavior. Contemporary theories of short interval timing assume the existence of a timekeeper system within the brain, yet identifying these brain systems has been elusive and controversial.
Using a novel functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique that tracks second-by-second changes in brain activity, investigators identified regions within the brain that are critical for this timekeeping system.
Time scarcer? Years getting shorter? Want an explanation? Logtime is the cognitive hypothesis that our age is our basis for estimating time intervals, resulting in a perceived shrinking of our years as we grow older. A simple mathematical analysis shows that our time perception should be logarithmic, giving us a subjective scale of life very different from that of the calendar. Our perception of aging seems to follow the same (Weber-Fechner) law as our perception of physical stimuli.
Only one publication introducing a logarithmic scale of time perception has been identified:
Rodney Collin (1909-1956): The Theory of Celestial Influence—Man, The Universe, and Cosmic Mystery (1948). London: Stuart & Watkins 1971. New York: State Mutual Book 1981.
This book was cited by
Michael Shallis: On Time. London: Burnett Books 1982. New York: Schocken Books 1983.
As described by Shallis, Collin devised a logarithmic time scale based on lunar months, with 1, 10, 100, and 1000 lunar months (equally spaced on a linear scale labeled 0, 1, 2, and 3) roughly corresponding to, respectively, the dates of conception, birth, 7 years, and death (77 years), thereby dividing life into three equal parts: gestation, childhood, and maturity. (Maturity at 7?) After noting that “time seems to pass about ten times more slowly for a six year old child as for a sixty year old man”, Shallis identifies the logarithmic scale with “metabolic rate and therefore to some extent with human experience.”
Two relevant books, seen many years ago, could not be located. They both described a World War I French study of wound healing which concluded that the time for tissue to grow over a superficial wound of a given size was directly proportional to the age of the patient. At least one of these books suggested a common metabolic connection with changing time perception. The rapid healing of injuries in children is well known, but are there any modern studies quantifying this phenomenon?
You don’t know that they don’t know that they know nothing. Let’s stay away from philosophical absolutes, after all you might as well go stick your head in the ground and wait for death if that’s how you want to view everything in life.
Ok, here’s the quote of David Icke, in “The biggest secret”:
Desborough adds that after the cataclysm, the white Martians who had settled on Earth were stranded here without their technology and with their home planet devastated. These white Martians, he says, became the white peoples of the Earth. Fascinatingly, some scientists claim that when white people are immersed in sensory deprivation tanks for long periods, their circadian rhythm has a frequency of 24 hours 40 minutes, which corresponds not to the rotational period of the Earth, but of Mars! This is not the case with non-white races who are in tune with the Earthâ€™s rotation.
and the quote of the scientists seems to come from: Brian Desborough “The Great Pyramid Mystery” --it seems to me it is an article and not a book.
had no idea who this guy was, but the biography from his web—http://www.briansbetterworld.com/—sets him up to the status of big weirdo. I wish I had and accurate BS’o-meter, but that’s not the case ...
^^Given all the other research I’ve looked over in the past week, when you put someone in a sensory deprivation tank, their circadian rhythms go fuckin’ crazy, by a much larger margin than 40 minutes. So offhand, I’d have to say that claim doesn’t fit with any of the evidence I’ve seen. Then again, the martian connection was brought up by Alcoholic007 in the comments section of the first article:
I did a â€œstudyâ€ of my own patterns back in 1999 and though I can not find them written any where, I remember that my days were about an hour longer than usual for about 2 weeks of the time, giving the effect of an almost 25 hour day.
Wondering why it might be longer, I talked to some people I knew in an attempt to find some ideas.. though no one yielded answer, I decided the length of a day may be relative on an other planet and looked up the planets.
Earth has an average day length of 23 Hrs, 56 Mins [according to NASA].
Mars has an average day length of 24 Hrs, 37 Mins [according to NASA].
It is not that exciting, but it certainly makes my character, of that time in which I did the study, a good candidate for living on Mars.
Based on my personal studies back in NC, my “ideal” day is 30 hours, and I sleep for 10. I’m actually in the process of fighting off that precise pattern again this week. I’m really glad you brought it up, though, because some of these studies on racial differences in circadian rhythms are f-a-s-c-i-n-a-t-i-n-g.
EDIT: OH! THAT guy. Shit, I ordered “They Cast No Shadows” a few years ago and I was pissed at myself for not being more careful, it was disorganized, barely referenced, and full of absolute statements that I knew were probably wrong, like Newton and Einstien being Masons, nyuk nyuk nyuk. I will definitely give the man credit for scope, though, he was basically trying to lay out the case that all human civilization was a hoax perpetrated by hostile aliens. I just try to take things one article at a time, so my hat is off to Brian Desborough.
I love his bio on the site:
Born in the county of Dorset, in the south of England, Brian Desborough has served as a Director of Research and Development for several American high technology companies, and has provided consultation to a company involved in deep space research.